Ultrasound Services

ABDOMINAL
abdominal
An abdominal/retro ultrasound uses reflected sound waves to produce a picture of the organs and other structures in the upper abdomen and kidneys. It might be ordered for various reasons.

ABDOMINAL, RENAL AND RETROPERITONEAL

What is being visualized?

1. Organs of the Abdominal region, such as:
a. liver
b. gallbladder
c. spleen
d. pancreas
e. aorta
f. kidneys
g. bladder
h. blood vessels that lead to the organs 

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Evaluate abdominal pain
2. Look for stones in the gallbladder or the kidneys
3. Find the cause of abnormal blood tests
4. Look for enlargement of any organ
5. Look at any changes in the kidneys
6. Look for any cysts or masses in the abdominal region 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking
5. History of kidney/gallbladder stones/cysts/masses
6. Abnormal liver function 

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Abdominal pain
2. Back pain
3. Changes in urinary function
4. Changes in bowel movements
5. Nausea and vomiting
6. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Do not eat or drink for 8 hours before the exam
2. One hour before the exam, drink 32 ounces of water
3. Do not empty your bladder before exam
4. Take all your regular medications with a small sip of water
5. If you are diabetic, please take your insulin 

ARTERIAL ABI
This test is done to check for peripheral arterial disease. This test might be done to check your risk of heart attack and stroke. The results can help you and your doctor make decisions about how to lower your risk.

LOWER & UPPER EXTREMITIES ARTERIAL ULTRASOUND WITH ABI

What is being visualized?

1. Arteries of the arms and the legs.

If any of the above arteries are blocked or narrowed, you might be at an increased risk of peripheral vascular disease. The narrowing of the arteries, called atherosclerosis or stenosis, might be caused by plaque, which is a buildup of calcium, cholesterol, or fat. 

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Arterial Ultrasound:

a. Evaluates structure and function of the arteries to check for any narrowing or obstructions that affect the blood flow. Early detection allows your doctor to begin treatment on improving the blood flow to your body and reducing your risk of blockages.
b. Depending on the findings, the test might be repeated annually.

2. ABI

a. Test for peripheral artery disease (PAD). Peripheral artery disease is a condition in which the arteries in your legs or arms are narrowed or blocked. People with peripheral artery disease are at a high risk of heart attack, stroke, poor circulation and leg pain

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking
5. Peripheral Vascular Disease
6. Family history of stroke and heart disease
7. Recent TIA or stroke
8. Over the age of 50

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Leg swelling
2. Claudication (pain in the limb during or after exercise)
3. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Wear comfortable, loose –fitting clothes.
2. No additional preparations required. 

SUPPORTING MATERIAL: LINKS

CAROTID
CAROTID
National Stroke Association has released a statement that up to 80% of strokes can be prevented with early detection! Work with your physician to find out if you are at risk!

CAROTID DUPLEX, TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER, SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES

What is being visualized?

CAROTID ARTERIES:

Carotid arteries are the arteries responsible for delivering blood from your heart to your brain. There are two of them and they are located on each side of the neck.

TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER:

Intracranial arteries, located within your brain, covered by the skull bone

SUBCLAVIAN ARTERIES:

Arteries located in the upper chest area, below the collar bone.
If any of the above arteries are blocked or narrowed, you might be at an increased risk of stroke. The narrowing of the arteries might be caused by plaque, which is a buildup of calcium, cholesterol, or fat.

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Carotid ultrasound is a painless, non-invasive, procedure that examines the carotid arteries in the neck. Evaluates structure and function of the carotid arteries to check for any narrowing or obstruction in the arteries that affect the blood flow. Early detection allows your doctor to begin treatment on improving the blood flow to your brain and reducing your risk of stroke.
2. Depending on the severity of the finding, the test might be repeated every 3 months, 6 months, or 1 year. 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking
5. Peripheral Vascular Disease
6. Family history of stroke and heart disease
7. Recent TIA or stroke
8. Carotid Bruit (detected by your physician)
9. History of atherosclerosis or plaque in the arteries
10. Over the age of 50 

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Dizziness
2. Headaches
3. Lack of Coordination
4. Fainting
5. Abnormality of Gait
6. Other symptoms not listed above. 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Wear comfortable clothes, exposing your neck
2. No additional preparations required. 

PELVIC MALE
PELVIC MALE
A pelvic ultrasound provides pictures of the structures and organs in the lower abdomen and pelvis.

PELVIC MALE (TRANSABDOMINAL)

What is being visualized?

1. Prostate
2. Bladder 

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Look for any increase in prostate size
2. Look at the bladder to see if there are any abnormalities and if it is emptying completely 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking
5. History of enlargement of the prostate
6. Family history of prostate cancer

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Pelvic pain
2. Changes in urinary function:
a. frequent urination
b. blood in urine
c. painful urination
3. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Eat normally
2. One hour before the exam, drink 32 ounces of water
3. Do not empty your bladder before exam
4. Take all your regular medications with a small sip of water
5. If you are diabetic, please take your insulin 

SUPPORTING MATERIAL: LINKS

RENAL ARTERIES
RENAL DUPLEX
A Renal Artery Duplex Scan is a test to check for problems in the arteries that supply your kidneys with blood. Ultrasound is used to get pictures of the arteries and kidneys.

RENAL DUPLEX

What is being visualized?
1.Renal Arteries

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Some of the reasons this test is ordered include high blood pressure or past problems with the renal arteries, the blood vessels that supply blood to the kidneys. If you have high blood pressure, this test can check for possible narrowing of the arteries to the kidneys. 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking
5. Family history of stroke and heart disease
6. Over the age of 50 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Do not eat or drink for 8 hours before the exam
2. Take all your regular medications with a small sip of water
3. If you are diabetic, please take your insulin 

TESTICULAR
TESTICULAR
To evaluate scrotal abnormalities, including masses; pain or trauma; testicular torsion (twisting of the spermatic cord that contains blood vessels that supply the testes); an absent or undescended testicle; inflammation; abnormal blood vessels; and fluid accumulation.

TESTICULAR

What is being visualized?
1. Testicles

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Help determine why one or both testicles have become larger
2. To look at a mass or lump in one or both of the testicles
3. Find the reason for pain in the testicles
4. Show how blood flows through the testicles 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Smoker/History of Smoking 

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Testicular pain
2. Scrotal enlargement
3. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. There is no special prep for this exam

SUPPORTING MATERIAL: LINKS

THYROID
THYROID
To evaluate scrotal abnormalities, including masses; pain or trauma; testicular torsion (twisting of the spermatic cord that contains blood vessels that supply the testes); an absent or undescended testicle; inflammation; abnormal blood vessels; and fluid accumulation.

THYROID

What is being visualized?
1. Thyroid gland.

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Help determine why if the thyroid gland is enlarged.
2. To look at a mass or lump in the anterior or lateral aspect of the neck. 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. Individual with any previous history of thyroid disorders
2. Hyperthyroidism
3. Hypothyroidism
4. Neck Mass
5. Abnormal Thyroid Function Test
6. Difficulty Swallowing
7. Acute Thyroiditis
8. Thyroid Mass 

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Weight gain/loss
2. Neck enlargement.
3. Difficulty Swallowing
4. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. There is no special prep for this exam
VENOUS
VENOUS
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep inside a muscle in your body. It usually happens in legs, but can also develop in your arms, chest, or other areas of your body. The blood clot can block your circulation or lodge in a blood vessel in your lungs, heart, or other area. Venous ultrasound is done to check for such condition and evaluate the functionality of the veins.

LOWER & UPPER EXTREMITIES VENOUS ULTRASOUND

What is being visualized?
1. Veins of the Lower and Upper Extremities

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE?

1. Lower Extremity/Upper Extremity Venous:
a. Testing for possible blood clots, deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Blood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. A blood clot can partly or completely block the flow of blood in a blood vessel. A blockage in the vein will usually cause fluid buildup and swelling.
b. Determine the cause of leg or arm pain and swelling. 

WHO IS AT RISK?

INDIVIDUALS WITH:

1. High Blood Pressure
2. Diabetes
3. High Cholesterol
4. Varicose Veins
5. Smoker/History of Smoking
6. Peripheral Vascular Disease
7. Family history of stroke and heart disease
8. Recent TIA or stroke
9. History of blood clots 

INDIVIDUALS WITH THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:

1. Leg or arm pain
2. Leg or arm swelling
3. Leg or arm edema
4. Leg or arm redness
5. Other symptoms not listed above 

HOW TO PREPARE:

1. Wear comfortable, loose –fitting clothes.
2. No additional preparations required. 

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